Land & Natural Resources Past Projects
Most Kenyans, especially the majority poor rely almost exclusively on land and natural resources, such as forests, water, wildlife, fisheries, dry lands, wetlands and minerals – for sustenance. Apart from Agriculture which sustains over 80% of Kenyans, other livelihood activities like pastoralism, fishing, tourism and processing natural resources for sale are entirely dependent on natural resources
The link between sustainable management of natural resources and deepening democracy in Kenya is not difficult to fathom, much less now when the country is headed for a general election. Apart from being the sole livelihood source for a great majority of Kenyans, land is also the subject of great emotional attachment. Discontent over ownership and utilization of land and natural resources has remained the most notable source of frequent conflicts and tribal clashes between Kenyan communities.
No wonder it emerged as a critical issue – Agenda 4 – in the National Accord which defined the framework for reforms following the 2007/2008 post-election violence. Following the accord, the country embarked on a series of activities aimed at improving the management of land and natural resources. Among other things the on-going reforms have established guiding principles which must be observed while managing and using land and natural resources, including sustainable development, public participation, equity, and accountability. However, these principles are yet to be fully understood and appreciated by the duty bearers and citizens alike, leading to continued unsustainable use of, irregular allocations, tensions, and conflict over natural resources.
Funded by Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA) through URAIA Trust, the project aims to strengthen democracy through participatory governance of natural resources in Kenya by building the capacity of local communities, County Government officials, national government officials and the private sector to understand, appreciate and uphold the principles of governance; and supporting participatory development of national and county-level natural resource legislation, policies and action plans. The specific objectives are to: –
National level – Parliament, Media and civil society, and county level – county assemblies, county-based civil society; and county-wide natural resource networks in Nairobi, Kwale, Kilifi, Turkana, Narok, Kericho, Siaya and Kisumu. Final beneficiaries – community members across the country, especially women, youth and minorities.
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