Climate Change, Water & Energy

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Climate Change, Water & Energy Overview

Climate change, water and energy are inextricably linked. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), climate change manifests itself largely through its impact on water resources. The shifting patterns of precipitation, shrinking glaciers and snow cover, and increase in frequency of drought and flooding over recent decades are projected to accelerate through the 21st Century, reducing water availability and altering river flow regimes in many parts of the world.

This projection comes in the backdrop of increased consumption of energy and water resources due to rapidly growing economies and urban populations.This situation portends dire consequences for developing countries in Africa. For Kenya, classified as a water-scarce country, it represents a major challenge to meeting the sustainable development goals (SDGs) and the country’s development agenda as presented in its planning blue print, Vision 2030.

The country’s socio-economic fabric is intricately intertwined with water and energy; they are critical to every aspect of life in Kenya, including ensuring social equity, ecosystem integrity and economic sustainability.

Much of the country’s energy is generated from hydropower, and water supplies for agriculture, domestic and industrial usage is provided through energy. Insufficient water availability is already apparent in various locations across the country, slowing down development gains and aspirations under Vision 2030.  Such would cause escalation of natural resources conflicts as well as severe crop and livestock losses.

The Paris Agreement, reached at COP21 in 2015, commits governments to collectively work together to hold global temperatures below 2°C above pre-industrial levels while pursuing efforts to limit this increase to 1.5°C. Delivering this promise requires unprecedented transition in energy systems that will expand access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy services.

Although Kenya has ratified its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) which features renewable energy resources, among many other mitigation and adaptation goals, its current energy systems are unsustainable on many accounts of social, economic and environmental scenario.

Despite additional investment in renewable energy mix, the pace of transition to newer, cleaner energy systems is not sufficient to achieve the targets embedded in Nationally Determined Contribution, Sustainable Development Goals (SDG 7 on affordable and clean energy, and SDG 13 on climate action) and the Paris Agreement. Accelerating the transition to resilient futures and low carbon energy would require significant shifts not only in technology, but in policy reforms, and the behaviour of end-users.

Climate change, water and energy programme contributes towards addressing policy, legal and technological challenges to climate change mitigation and adaptation; and promoting sustainable development of water and energy resources by providing viable practical options for implementing National Climate Change Action Plan (NCCAP), Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and the Paris Agreement.

Goal

Managing climate change contemplates a ‘triple win” strategy that results simultaneously in climate change mitigation, adaptation, and sustainable development. This implies that development goals and strategies must integrate the opportunities and threats of a changing climate in order to safeguard development from climate impacts and reduce emissions without compromising development goals. The programme aims to ensure effective governance and management of climate change and sustainable development of water and energy resources.  

Objectives

This programme for the period 2018 – 2022 will be guided by the following objectives:

  • Undertake research on climate change policy and institutional frameworks at local, national, regional and international level; and disseminate the results to a broad public and scientific audience in order to increase knowledge transfer on effective governance and management of climate change and sustainable development of water and energy resources.
  • Conduct policy dialogues with policy makers, academia, communities, civil society organizations and other stakeholders to advocate and influence the development and implementation of laws, polices and institutional frameworks that support governance and management of climate change and sustainable development of water and energy resources.
  • Support and hold stakeholder forums that promote public participation in decision making on climate change, and sustainable development of water and energy resources.
  • Provide technical support in the drafting and review of policies, laws and regulations in climate change, and the development of water and energy resources.

The indicative activities for the period 2018- 2022 include:

Research

  • ILEG will undertake research on climate change policy, document and disseminate the results to a broad public and scientific audience in order to increase knowledge transfer on effective climate governance and management and sustainable development of water and energy resources.
  • ILEG will undertake research on emerging issues in climate change and governance and management of water and energy resources, including the blue economy.
  • ILEG will participate in national and international conferences, workshops and exchange programmes and presenting policy papers
  • ILEG will host national and international conferences, workshops and exchange programmes in climate change, water and energy resources.

Advocacy

  • ILEG will conduct dialogue events (e.g. workshops, roundtables) to generate awareness among communities on climate change planning and budgeting at the national and county levels.
  • ILEG will support local communities and non-state actors to participate effectively in climate governance, planning budgeting through training and technical support;
  • ILEG will partner and collaborate with local communities, non-state actors, research organisations, private sector and public agencies to scale up climate actions and sustainable management of water and energy resources.

Capacity Building

  • ILEG will support national government and county governments to develop and implement climate change, and water and energy resources policies, legislations, regulations and institutional frameworks and their implementation in the climate, water and energy sectors
  • ILEG will strengthen local climate action planning and coordinating capacities of national and county government’s representatives through regular information and knowledge exchanges.
  • ILEG will undertake peer to peer learning on effective climate governance and management and sustainable development of water and energy resources

Advice and Technical Support

  • ILEG will guide various national government agencies and county governments to formulate and review laws, policies and regulations for effective climate governance and management and sustainable development of water and energy resources.
  • ILEG will support communities to draft and submit petitions and memoranda to county and national governments to influence climate planning and management of water and energy resources.

Monitoring

  • To achieve the objectives set out in this strategy, an effective coordination, monitoring and evaluation framework is important. ILEG will undertake Monitoring periodically to review the progress. This will provide reliable and timely data to inform the partners and other stakeholders on progress, results and shortcomings of the strategic interventions. This will enable ILEG to steer and fine-tune programme activities and create transparency as a basis for being accountable to the partners and other stakeholders.

Over the next five years, this program will be managed by a team that consists of:

Role Responsibility
Program’s Technical Advisor In charge of quality assurance and successful implementation of projects under the program.
Programs Manager In charge of the overall coordination of projects under this programIn charge of management of administrative and technical aspects of projects under this program to ensure that the project outputs and outcomes are realized
Programs Officer In charge of research, training and advocacy activities of the projects under this program.In charge of Monitoring and Evaluation of the projects under this program.
Accountant Provide requisite financial management and accounting services for all projects under the program
Programs Assistant Management and dissemination of information on Environmental Democracy through both traditional and new mediaProvide support to monitoring and Evaluation of projects under this program
Consultants Will be hired on a project by project basis to provide knowledge and expertise in different project areas

The Program Budget (estimates based on climate change projects implemented in past 5 years)

Project Area Costs in USD per project
Research 30,000
Advocacy 80,000
Capacity Building 80,000
Advice and Technical Support 30,000
Monitoring and Evaluation 10,000
Total 230,000

Current Projects

V-LED – Vertical Integration and Learning for Low Emission Development

County governments are frontline responders to climate change, with decisive roles in the

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Past Projects

Siaya Community Resource Centre

To get to know more…visit website Visit Website

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ILEG Chalice

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Open Governance in the Extractive Sector in Africa (OGESA) Initiative

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Securing Policy and Advocacy Space to Advance Community Interests In NRM

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Public Interest Environmental Litigation

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Training For Judicial Officers and Lawyers

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Towards support for Socio-Economic Empowerment of Local Communities

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Putting People at the center

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Gender inclusive natural resource governance through enhanced use of media and communication.

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The Access Initiative (TAI)

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Building and raising an army of public interest lawyers in East Africa.

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Green Justice

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Linda: An interactive AI-based Mobile App with SMS services

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Anchoring the promise: Deepening Democracy by Promoting Participatory Governance of Natural Resources in Kenya

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Securing Environmental Justice and Participatory Governance in Kenya’s Oil and Extractive Sector

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Promoting Open and accountable Oil Governance for peace and Sustainable Development in East Africa.

Topics Project Overview Community and civil society seminar and experience-sharing worksho

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Securing Environmental Justice and Participatory Governance in Kenya’s Oil and Extractive Sector.

Topics Project Overview Capacity Building Seminar for Turkana County Members of County Asse

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Mapping Poverty and Vulnerability in East Africa.

Today, close to 1.7 billion people in the world live in absolute poverty. As the world popu

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Legal Framework for Beach Management Units in East Africa.

The sustainability of fisheries resources in most water bodies in East Africa is are threat

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Securing Land Rights through Community Leadership and Corporate Accountability

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Strengthening County Governments’ Role on Land governance.

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The Use of Powers of Eminent Domain in Kenya

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Reforming the Institution of Community Trusts (Community Trusts as a Mechanism for CBNRM)

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Promoting Good Governance and Accountability in Kenya’s Extractive Sector

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Reducing Community Vulnerability to Disaster

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Mainstreaming Climate Change in Kenya’s National Environmental Policy

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REDD+ Gap Analysis

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Natural Resource Management Programme

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Thinking Globally, Acting Locally

“Think globally, act locally” is a common phrase in sustainable development discourse.

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V-LED – Vertical Integration and Learning for Low Emission Development

County governments are frontline responders to climate change, with decisive roles in the

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Siaya Community Resource Centre

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ILEG Chalice Programme

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From Rhetoric to Genuine Pursuit of Transparency and Accountability in Kenya’s Extractives Sector: Policy Brief No. 4 of 2018

Transparency and accountability are a central pillar of the good governance framework required to ca

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Community Engagement in the Extractive Sector in Kenya – The Case of Turkana: Policy Brief No. 3 of 2018

This policy brief contains highlights and lessons from the 9th ESF which discussed the legal and pol

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The Early Oil Pilot Scheme Policy Brief No 1 of 2018

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World Environment Day 2015

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Environmental Democracy Index

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Implementation of Article 71 of the Constitution of Kenya,2010

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International Climate Initiative (IKI):Vertical integration and learning for low-emission development in Africa and Southeast Asia (V-LED)

An increasing number of national and regional support programmes and new funding approaches and init

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Public Interest Environment Litigation

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Land & Natural Resources PT 2

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Land & Natural Resources

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Climate change in Africa

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Role of law in sustainable development

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Land Reforms in Kenya: Achievements and the Missing Link

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Climate Change

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Strengthening Democracy through Community-based Participatory Planning for Climate Resilient Low Carbon Development in Kenya.

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