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Formulation of Climate Change Bill for Kwale County – 8th Dec 2020

Stakeholder Policy Dialogue

Tuesday 8th December 2020, Jacaranda Indian Ocean Beach Resort, Diani


  1. Background

The Paris Agreement (2015) under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) provides a critical political and legal moment for climate action at all levels. For the first time, sub-national governments are increasingly taking the lead in climate policy. In Kenya, responsibility for the implementation of policies in key areas such as agriculture, housing, spatial planning, waste management, energy and transport is devolved to the county level. This gives county governments a formal role in global and national efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. County governments are also central to improving climate resilience. Adaptation to climate change is context specific and requires close involvement of local stakeholders. While adaptation is the main priority of county governments, mitigation is becoming increasingly important because it presents co-benefits for other development priorities.

The county governments’ responses to climate change vary in their form and legal paths. While some have legislations, others have regulations which are anchored in the Public Finance Management Act (2012). Acknowledging and understanding these variations is important; not just to develop a sense of good practice in climate legislation, but also to engender mutual trust in the individual efforts.

The County Government of Kwale has initiated the process of formulating a Climate Change Bill to guide a well-coordinated and effective response to climate change at the county level. For this reason, the County Climate Change Unit (CCU) – a multi-sectoral team consisting of representatives from county and national government departments and agencies at the county level – was established to steer the formulation of Climate Change Bill. With the support of ILEG and adelphi, the CCU has developed the Draft Climate Change Bill and convened a Steering Committee Workshop to discuss and review the Bill and provide recommendations for further improvement.

Against this backdrop, ILEG with adelphi, and the CCU are organizing stakeholder Policy Dialogue to discuss and interrogate the Draft Climate Change Bill. The workshop will also showcase experiences and best practices from “pioneer” counties in climate change legislative development process. Apart from interactions and networking, the event will foster learning through peer-to-peer and information exchange on climate change legislative development at county levels.

  1. Activity Description

The Stakeholder Policy Dialogue on Formulation of Climate Change Bill for Kwale County is scheduled for Tuesday 8th December 2020 at Jacaranda Indian Ocean Beach Resort, Diani. The event will also be hosted on Zoom Cloud Platform. Apart from providing a platform for debate among stakeholders and experts in climate change legislation, it will create opportunity for county governments to learn from each other and share ideas on best practices in climate change legislation and implementation. Specifically, this workshop seeks:

  1. To foster learning through peer-to-peer and information exchange on climate change legislative processes at county-levels;
  2. To showcase experiences and best practices in climate change legislation and implementation;
  3. To improve the effectiveness and clarity of the Draft Climate Change Bill on the basis of the lessons learnt during the workshop;
  4. To strengthen professional networking in order to promote active debate on climate change governance issues.
  1. Targeted Outputs
  1. Progress made in development of Draft Climate Change Bill;
  2. Good practices in climate change legislation and practice identified, documented and disseminated;
  3. Weaknesses, shortcomings and key gaps identified and prioritized for intervention;
  4. Additional knowledge and information found to enhance effectiveness and clarity of the Draft Bill.
  1. Organisation

The workshop will bring together approximately 30 participants drawn from national and county governments, civil society organisations, private sector and research organizations with the aim to discuss and review the Draft Climate Change Bill for Kwale County. The event will be facilitated by ILEG and the CCU.

  1. Draft Programme
Tuesday December 8, 2020. 0900 – 1600 Hrs
Time EAT Session
09:00 – 09:30 Arrival and registration (including online arrival and sound-check) 
09:30 – 10:00



Welcoming remarks, scene setting and introduction

●      Round of introduction

●      Benson Ochieng, Executive Director, ILEG

●      Hon. Saumu Beja, County Executive Committee Member, Environment and Natural Resources

●      Purpose and Overview of the Workshop

Moderation: Francis Oremo, Programme Officer, adelphi

10:00 -10:45


Kwale County Draft Climate Change Bill – key highlights

  • Presentation of the Draft Policy – Gerphas Opondo, Executive Director, Environment Compliance Institute
  • Q&A
11:45 – 11:00 Break
11.00 – 13.00 Review of the Draft Bill and input from the plenary

  • Operationalisation of institutional structure:

–        Roles and responsibilities (incl. for M&E),

–        Membership of different committees and coordinating structures,

–        Interaction of Ward Planning Committees and Village Councils?

–        How to organise the cooperation of national and local representatives in the County Planning Committee

  • Operationalisation of the County Climate Change Fund

–          How do other counties allocate a percentage of the county annual budget to the fund?

–          Which project selection criteria do they choose?

  • Climate actions

–          Processes and steps to formulate County Climate Action Plan, and necessary legal provisions.

Moderator: Benson Ochieng‘, ILEG

13:00 – 14:00 Lunch Break
14:00 -15:30 Good practices in climate change legislations and Implementation

·       Best practices in local climate actions: exploring implementation and linkage to national mitigation and adaptation targets – Dr. Mohamed Pakia, Regional Coordinator, WWF-Coast Region

  • Integrating disaster risk management into local climate change adaptation actions: key challenges and opportunities – Mohammed Mwaenzi, Coordinator, KRCS, Kwale

·       Lessons learnt from county experiences and best practices in climate change legislation and implementation

–        Salad Tutana, Chief Officer, Department of Environment, energy and natural resources, County Government of Isiolo

·       Reflections from “Key Listener” Sylvanus Mwakoma, Chief Officer, Department of Environment, Water & Sanitation, County Government of Taita Taveta

·       Discussions

Moderation: Josep Indo, County Director, Environment and Natural Resources

15:45- 16:00 Wrap-Up and Closing

·       Prioritization of key shortcomings, weaknesses and gaps in the draft Policy for action – Francis Oremo

·       Next steps – Francis Oremo

  • Workshop evaluation


Set Up of the Virtual Workshop:

Proposed Date: 8th December 2020

Time: 09.00 to 16.00 (East Africa Time)

Location: Virtual workshop room:

The workshop will also be hosted on the video conferencing platform ZOOM. To participate in the meeting, you will need a computer/laptop with a stable internet connection. A webcam and headset are recommended.

The virtual room will open at 09:00 (EAT) for the online registration and sound-check.

To join the workshop please click the link below:




Dec 08 2020


All Day