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Climate Change

Climate Change, Water & Energy Overview

Climate change, water and energy are inextricably linked. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), climate change manifests itself largely through its impact on water resources. The shifting patterns of precipitation, shrinking glaciers and snow cover, and increase in frequency of drought and flooding over recent decades are projected to accelerate through the 21st Century, reducing water availability and altering river flow regimes in many parts of the world.

This projection comes in the backdrop of increased consumption of energy and water resources due to rapidly growing economies and urban populations.This situation portends dire consequences for developing countries in Africa. For Kenya, classified as a water-scarce country, it represents a major challenge to meeting the sustainable development goals (SDGs) and the country’s development agenda as presented in its planning blue print, Vision 2030.

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The country’s socio-economic fabric is intricately intertwined with water and energy; they are critical to every aspect of life in Kenya, including ensuring social equity, ecosystem integrity and economic sustainability.

Much of the country’s energy is generated from hydropower, and water supplies for agriculture, domestic and industrial usage is provided through energy. Insufficient water availability is already apparent in various locations across the country, slowing down development gains and aspirations under Vision 2030.  Such would cause escalation of natural resources conflicts as well as severe crop and livestock losses.

The Paris Agreement, reached at COP21 in 2015, commits governments to collectively work together to hold global temperatures below 2°C above pre-industrial levels while pursuing efforts to limit this increase to 1.5°C. Delivering this promise requires unprecedented transition in energy systems that will expand access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy services.

Although Kenya has ratified its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) which features renewable energy resources, among many other mitigation and adaptation goals, its current energy systems are unsustainable on many accounts of social, economic and environmental scenario.

Despite additional investment in renewable energy mix, the pace of transition to newer, cleaner energy systems is not sufficient to achieve the targets embedded in Nationally Determined Contribution, Sustainable Development Goals (SDG 7 on affordable and clean energy, and SDG 13 on climate action) and the Paris Agreement. Accelerating the transition to resilient futures and low carbon energy would require significant shifts not only in technology, but in policy reforms, and the behaviour of end-users.

Climate change, water and energy programme contributes towards addressing policy, legal and technological challenges to climate change mitigation and adaptation; and promoting sustainable development of water and energy resources by providing viable practical options for implementing National Climate Change Action Plan (NCCAP), Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and the Paris Agreement.

Key Objectives:

  • To undertake research that would inform public policy choices and legislations on issues involving climate change, water and energy;
  • To advocate for the formulation and implementation of robust polices and favourable, transparent and stable regulatory frameworks that would stimulate and support transition to sustainable water resources management and low carbon energy systems;
  • Enhance the reliability and resilience of energy and water systems;
  • Promote responsible energy operations with respect to water quality and ecosystems;
  • To strengthen county level planning, coordination and implementation of climate resilient low carbon development;
  • To strengthen participation of local communities in climate governance;
  • To create public awareness on the contemporary issues relating to climate change, water and energy;
  • To encourage and promote climate innovation and investment as a way of driving economic growth and development.

Implementation Strategy

Goal

Managing climate change contemplates a ‘triple win” strategy that results simultaneously in climate change mitigation, adaptation, and sustainable development. This implies that development goals and strategies must integrate the opportunities and threats of a changing climate in order to safeguard development from climate impacts and reduce emissions without compromising development goals. The programme aims to ensure effective governance and management of climate change and sustainable development of water and energy resources.  

Objectives

This programme for the period 2018 – 2022 will be guided by the following objectives:

  • Undertake research on climate change policy and institutional frameworks at local, national, regional and international level; and disseminate the results to a broad public and scientific audience in order to increase knowledge transfer on effective governance and management of climate change and sustainable development of water and energy resources.
  • Conduct policy dialogues with policy makers, academia, communities, civil society organizations and other stakeholders to advocate and influence the development and implementation of laws, polices and institutional frameworks that support governance and management of climate change and sustainable development of water and energy resources.
  • Support and hold stakeholder forums that promote public participation in decision making on climate change, and sustainable development of water and energy resources.
  • Provide technical support in the drafting and review of policies, laws and regulations in climate change, and the development of water and energy resources.

Indicative Activities

The indicative activities for the period 2018- 2022 include:

Research

  • ILEG will undertake research on climate change policy, document and disseminate the results to a broad public and scientific audience in order to increase knowledge transfer on effective climate governance and management and sustainable development of water and energy resources.
  • ILEG will undertake research on emerging issues in climate change and governance and management of water and energy resources, including the blue economy.
  • ILEG will participate in national and international conferences, workshops and exchange programmes and presenting policy papers
  • ILEG will host national and international conferences, workshops and exchange programmes in climate change, water and energy resources.

Advocacy

  • ILEG will conduct dialogue events (e.g. workshops, roundtables) to generate awareness among communities on climate change planning and budgeting at the national and county levels.
  • ILEG will support local communities and non-state actors to participate effectively in climate governance, planning budgeting through training and technical support;
  • ILEG will partner and collaborate with local communities, non-state actors, research organisations, private sector and public agencies to scale up climate actions and sustainable management of water and energy resources.

Capacity Building

  • ILEG will support national government and county governments to develop and implement climate change, and water and energy resources policies, legislations, regulations and institutional frameworks and their implementation in the climate, water and energy sectors
  • ILEG will strengthen local climate action planning and coordinating capacities of national and county government’s representatives through regular information and knowledge exchanges.
  • ILEG will undertake peer to peer learning on effective climate governance and management and sustainable development of water and energy resources

Advice and Technical Support

  • ILEG will guide various national government agencies and county governments to formulate and review laws, policies and regulations for effective climate governance and management and sustainable development of water and energy resources.
  • ILEG will support communities to draft and submit petitions and memoranda to county and national governments to influence climate planning and management of water and energy resources.

Monitoring

To achieve the objectives set out in this strategy, an effective coordination, monitoring and evaluation framework is important. ILEG will undertake Monitoring periodically to review the progress. This will provide reliable and timely data to inform the partners and other stakeholders on progress, results and shortcomings of the strategic interventions. This will enable ILEG to steer and fine-tune programme activities and create transparency as a basis for being accountable to the partners and other stakeholders.

 

Program Management

Over the next five years, this program will be managed by a team that consists of:

Role Responsibility
Program’s Technical Advisor In charge of quality assurance and successful implementation of projects under the program.
Programs Manager In charge of the overall coordination of projects under this program

In charge of management of administrative and technical aspects of projects under this program to ensure that the project outputs and outcomes are realized

Programs Officer In charge of research, training and advocacy activities of the projects under this program.

In charge of Monitoring and Evaluation of the projects under this program.

Accountant Provide requisite financial management and accounting services for all projects under the program
Programs Assistant Management and dissemination of information on Environmental Democracy through both traditional and new media

Provide support to monitoring and Evaluation of projects under this program

Consultants Will be hired on a project by project basis to provide knowledge and expertise in different project areas

 

The Program Budget (estimates based on climate change projects implemented in past 5 years)

Project Area Costs in USD per project
Research 30,000
Advocacy 80,000
Capacity Building 80,000
Advice and Technical Support 30,000
Monitoring and Evaluation 10,000
Total 230,000

CURRENT PROJECTS

Projects

PAST PROJECTS

Projects